Corning, N. Y.—Second Detatchment, 23d Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y.,
Stopped by Rioters.
Debate: Army Appropriations Bill (1878)
Following the nation-wide riots in 1877, Congress debates appropriating money for the Army. Rep. William Kimmel (D., Maryland) argues for funding the militia, Rep. Herman L. Humphrey (R., Wisconson) for funding the Army.
- Part I
The Dread of Standing Armies—Colonial Times.
Dread of Standing Armies During the Revolution, 1776 to 1789.
The Importance of the Militia.
After the Adoption of the Constitution, 1789.
Congress and the Militia-Neglect of the Militia Predicted-1790 To 1803.
The Militia Organized and Called Out in View of Indian Hostilities.
- Part II
Opposition in Congress to a Standing Army.
The Standing Army—Its Origin, Growth, and Strength at Periods Stated—And the Substitution of the Army for the Militia.
Militia Intended as a Substitute for a Standing Army—Now It Has Decayed From Neglect.
Standing Army Not to be Employed for the Enforcement of the Law.
Résumé as to the Intention of the Fathers in Regard to the Standing Army And the Militia.
- Part III
Defense of the Militia.
- Part IV
I offer the following amendment: Provided, That from and after the passage of this act it shall not be lawful to use any part of the land or naval forces of the United States to execute the laws either as posse comitatus or otherwise, except in such cases as may be expressly authorized by act of Congress.
- Part IV
Mr. Humphrey’s Rebuttal