Posted by: Democratic Thinker | January 12, 2010

Newburgh Crisis: X—Army Furloughed

Washington Secures the Republic

Following the Battle of Yorktown, the Continental Army encamped at Newburgh, New York. Under-provisioned, unpaid, and in dire straits, the soldier tried various courses of action to obtain the funding promised them by the states and the Continental Congress. Some of their plans were as desperate as their situation, and threatened to destroy the republic.

A sufficient number of officers of the several grades to command the troops who will remain in the field must continue with them.

General Orders.



THE Honorable the Congress have been pleased to pass the following resolve:

By the United States in Congress Assembled:

On motion,

Resolved, That the Commander-in-Chief be instructed to grant furloughs to the non-commissioned officers and soldiers in the service of the United States enlisted to serve during the war, who shall be discharged as soon as the definitive treaty of peace is concluded, together with a proportional number of commissioned officers of the different grades, and that the Secretary of War and Commander-in-Chief take the proper measures for conducting those troops to their respective homes, in such a manner as may be most convenient to themselves, and the States through which they may pass, and that the men thus furloughed be allowed to take their arms with them.

In consequence of the preceding resolution, colonels and commanders of corps will immediately make return of the number of men who will be entitled to furloughs, to the commanding officers of the several State Lines, who will make report thereof to Head-quarters. At the same time returns are to be made of the non-commissioned officers and privates who will not be included in the above description. These returns must be made to comport with the muster rolls, with which they will be compared at the Inspection office.

A sufficient number of officers of the several grades to command the troops who will remain in the field must continue with them. They are requested to make this a matter of agreement among themselves; the commanding officers of Lines will superintend and endeavor to accommodate the business to the satisfaction of all concerned.

The Paymasters of regiments, and such other officers in each as may be appointed to act as regimental agents for the occasion, will also remain with the army to aid in the settlement of accounts. The Paymaster and agent having attended the completion of the business, will distribute the result of the settlement agreeably to the instructions they may receive from the officers of the corps. The Quartermaster-general will have a sufficient number of printed furloughs provided as soon as they may be.

The Commander-in-Chief wishes to give every facility in his power toward carrying the proposed measures into effect with as great convenience and satisfaction to the troops as possible; for this purpose the contractors are directed to lay up adequate supplies of provision at the several posts and places on the route where it will be necessary.

Generals and commanding officers of Lines will be pleased to make the interior arrangements for marching the troops of their respective States to their homes; they will receive further instructions on the subject.

The Commander-in-Chief is pleased to grant a full and free pardon to all non-commissioned officers and privates now in confinement, and they are to be liberated accordingly.